For men with ED, microvascular surgery can be performed to bypass arterial
blockages from penile trauma, bicycle accidents, kicks in the crotch and
pelvic fractures. Reconstruction procedures are available for men with
Peyronie’s dsease and congenital curvature of the penis. Additional
surgery includes penile implantation.
For women, reconstruction procedures range from vestibulectomy for vulvar
vestibulitis syndrome to excision of selected inflamed vestibular glands,
labial reduction for pain, marsupialization of Bartholin’s cysts,
dorsal slit procedure for balanitis of the clitoris, excision of urethral
prolapse, and reconstruction of clitoris and labia after ritual circumcision.